Peggy Guggenheim or Marguerite Guggenheim was one of the greatest and most notorious art collector of the 20th century.
After her father, Benjamin Guggenheim, went down with the Titanic, the young heiress came into a small fortune and went to Europe. In Paris, she joined the American expatriate bohemian set and she sponsored it among notorious important painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Robert Motherwell, and Hans Hofmann.
In the late 1930s, Peggy set up one of the first galleries of modern art in London, quickly acquiring a magnificent selection of work, buying great numbers of paintings from artists fleeing to America. She moved back to New York, where she was a vital part of the new American abstract expressionist movement.
After World War II, Guggenheim moved to Venice. She displayed some of her art collection to the public and in 1979 she donated the collection to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, which now owns the Guggenheim Museum in New York.
Undoubtedly, she was a remarkable woman and indefatigable master of the arts.
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